Alternative energy is an umbrella term that refers to any source of usable energy intended to replace fuel sources without the undesired consequences of the replaced fuels.
The term “alternative” presupposes a set of undesirable energy technologies against which “alternative energies” are contrasted. As such, the list of energy technologies excluded is an indicator of which problems the alternative technologies are intended to address. Controversies regarding dominant sources of energy and their alternatives have a long history. The nature of what was regarded alternative energy sources has changed considerably over time, and today, because of the variety of energy choices and differing goals of their advocates, defining some energy types as “alternative” is highly controversial.
- A Decision Support Technique for the Design on Hybrid Solar-Wind Power Systems
- Virginia Offshore Wind Studies, July 2007 to March 2010, Final Report
- Operating Impacts and Mitigation Strategies with Large-scale Wind Power Penetration in the United States
- Two-Loop Controller for Maximizing Performance of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic-Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Plant
- Battery and Fuel Cell Support for an Autonomous Photovoltaic Power System
- Unit Sizing and Control of Hybrid Wind-Solar Power Systems
- Utility Perspective – Grid Integration of Large Wind Projects
- Securing Critical Loads in a PV-based Microgrid with a Multi-Agent System
- Geothermal Heat Pumps for Energy$mart Schools in Virginia (10/2000 – 08/2003)
- A Test Bed for Analyzing the Security and Resilience of the DG-Integrated Electric Power Distribution Network
- Development of an Integrated Extreme Wind, Wave, Current, and Water Level Climatology to Support Standards-Based Design of Offshore Wind Projects
- Accelerating Virginia’s Offshore Wind Economic Development
- Wave Energy Resource Assessment and GIS Database for the U.S.
- ARI’s 6.44 KW Solar Photovoltaic Installation