Feasibility and Guidelines for the Development of Microgrids in Campus Type Facilities
The objective of this research project is to explore the feasibility of and provide guidelines for the development of microgrids. This will be carried out through the development of a methodology including technology assessment, modeling and simulation. The work is divided into two phases. The first phase is to develop a microgrid simulation test bench at Virginia Tech. This will allow the project team to realistically simulate and validate any proposed microgrid generation and load control algorithms, and quantify the risks and the impact of implementing the proposed control algorithms before the actual field implementation. The second phase is to identify a set of technical, operational and economic criteria for developing a microgrid on a military base, including the introduction of renewable energy sources. These criteria will also be applied to quantify the environmental benefits of a microgrid that hosts energy efficient equipment along with renewable energy sources. The research outcomes will include a set of guidelines and a microgrid simulation tool which can be used for planning and evaluation of microgrid deployment in a campus-type facility. With this model, and the experience of evaluating the benefits of a microgrid in one facility, DoD will have the tools to plan, analyze and evaluate the operational benefits and risks of deploying such microgrids on many of their bases.